Feature Report: Natural Gas Producers and Consumers

2 items of content in this feature report

Featured Figures

Global Gas Consumption

Following a gain of 3% in 2017, world natural gas consumption rose by more than 5% in 2018. As a result, the share of natural gas in the global energy mix increased, while that of coal shrank. Consumption was chiefly led by the United States, China, Russia and Iran. International trade in natural gas was up sharply, buoyed in particular by liquefied natural gas (LNG). Australia, the United States and Russia have sharply expanded their liquefaction capacity to support the growing international market for LNG.

Global Gas Consumption (in Mtoe*)

Country 2016 2017 Change 2017 over 2016 Share of Global Consumption
United States 645.1 635.8 -1.2% 20.1%
Russia 361.3 365.2 1.4% 11.6%
China 180.1 206.7 15.1% 6.6%
Iran 173.1 184.4 6.8% 5.8%
Japan 100.1 100.7 0.8% 3.2%
Canada 94.1 99.5 6.0% 3.2%
Saudi Arabia 90.6 95.8 4.2% 3.0%
Germany 73.0 77.5 6.5% 2.5%
Mexico 79.0 75.3 -4.4% 2.4%
United Kingdom 69.6 67.7 -2.4% 2.1%
United Arab Emirates 62.3 62.1 -0.2% 2.0%
Italy 58.5 62.0 6.3% 2.0%
Egypt 42.4 48.1 13.7% 1.5%
India 43.7 46.6 6.9% 1.5%
France 38.3 38.5 0.7% 1.2%
Ukraine 26.1 25.6 -1.5% 0.8%
Rest of the World 935.9 964.5 3.1% 30.6%
Total 3,073.2 3,156.0 3.0% 100.0%

 

*Mtoe: Million metric tons of oil equivalent

Source: BP Statistical Review 2018