Following a gain of 3% in 2017, world natural gas consumption rose by more than 5% in 2018. As a result, the share of natural gas in the global energy mix increased, while that of coal shrank. Consumption was chiefly led by the United States, China, Russia and Iran. International trade in natural gas was up sharply, buoyed in particular by liquefied natural gas (LNG). Australia, the United States and Russia have sharply expanded their liquefaction capacity to support the growing international market for LNG.
Global Gas Consumption (in Mtoe*)
|Country||2016||2017||Change 2017 over 2016||Share of Global Consumption|
|United Arab Emirates||62.3||62.1||-0.2%||2.0%|
|Rest of the World||935.9||964.5||3.1%||30.6%|
*Mtoe: Million metric tons of oil equivalent
Source: BP Statistical Review 2018