Feature Report: Natural Gas Producers and Consumers

2 items of content in this feature report

Featured Figures

Global Gas Consumption

Following a gain of 3% in 2017, world natural gas consumption rose by more than 5% in 2018. As a result, the share of natural gas in the global energy mix increased, while that of coal shrank. Consumption was chiefly led by the United States, China, Russia and Iran. International trade in natural gas was up sharply, buoyed in particular by liquefied natural gas (LNG). Australia, the United States and Russia have sharply expanded their liquefaction capacity to support the growing international market for LNG.

Global Gas Consumption (in Mtoe*)

Country 2017 2018 Change 2018 over 2017 Share of Global Consumption
United States 635.8 702.6 10.51% 21.23%
Russia 370.7 390.8 5.42% 11.81%
China 206.7 243.3 17.71% 7.35%
Iran 180.5 193.9 7.42% 5.86%
Japan 100.6 99.5 -1.09% 3.01%
Canada 94.3 99.5 5.51% 3.01%
Saudi Arabia 93.9 96.4 2.66% 3.0%
Germany 77.2 75.9 -1.68% 2.29%
Mexico 74.3 77 3.63% 2.33%
United Kingdom 67.8 67.7 0.00% 2.05%
United Arab Emirates 64 65.8 2.81% 1.99%
Italy 61.5 59.5 -3.25% 1.80%
Egypt 48.1 51.2 6.44% 1.55%
India 46.2 49.9 8.01% 1.51%
France 38.5

36.7

-4.68% 1.11%
Ukraine 26 26.3 1.15% 0.79%
Rest of the World 955.8 973.3 1.83% 29.41%
Total 3,141.9 3,309.4 5.33% 100.0%

 

*Mtoe: Million metric tons of oil equivalent

Source: BP Statistical Review 2018