Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) Vessel

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A self-contained floating vessel that can process crude oil and store until it is transferred (offloaded) to a tanker. FPSOs are used when it would not be cost-effective to export oil to land over a long distance via a pipeline. FPSOs house units to process the crude oil (gas/liquid separation; removal of solids, water and impurities) and stabilize it, as well as pumps, generators, storage tanks and a seawater treatment unit.