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  • Glossary

    Neutron :
    Type of particle, along with the proton, that makes up the nucleus of an atom. Neutrons have no net electric charge.

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  • Glossary

    Naphtha :
    An intermediate product between gasoline and jet fuel obtained from the fractional distillation of oil. It is classified as a light product because of the low molecular weight of the hydrocarbons it is made up.

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  • Glossary

    International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) :
    The IAEA was set up in 1957 within the United Nations family. It works for the safe, secure and peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to deter the proliferation of nuclear weapons by ensuring that states are honoring their international obligations and by being able to detect early any misuse of...

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  • Glossary

    International Energy Agency (IEA) :
    An independent, intergovernmental organization founded within the framework of the OECD in response to the first oil crisis in 1974 to act as an energy policy coordinator to its 26 member countries, most of which belong to the developed world. Its aims are to ensure security of energy supply,...

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  • Glossary

    Aerobic :
    Describes an organism or microorganism that requires — or has the ability to use — oxygen, which is found in ambient air, for the metabolic processes it needs to survive.

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  • Glossary

    Nacelle (Wind Energy) :
    One of three parts making up a wind turbine, along with the rotor and the tower. It houses the equipment that produces electricity.

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  • Glossary

    Additive :
    Chemical compound added to a fuel and lubricant to enhance its properties.

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  • Glossary

    Humic acid :
    A complex mixture of molecules produced by the decay of dead plant matter. It is a major component of humus, the organic portion of soil.

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  • Glossary

    Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) :
    DNA, packaged in chromosomes, is a long molecule in the shape of a double helix. It contains all the genetic information required for a living organism to develop and function.

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  • Glossary

    Conversion (Refining) :
    In energy, conversion is the transformation of one type of energy to another. For example, an internal combustion engine converts the chemical energy of fuel into mechanical energy, which enables a vehicle to move. In refining, conversion refers to the transformation of the petroleum fractions not...

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