Feature Reports

The Energy Mix and Energy Transition

fr - mix energetique intro
Motorbikes in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: energy demand is soaring in emerging economies. © P.LAURENT / TOTAL

The challenge of the energy transition is shifting from a global energy mix that primarily relies on fossil fuels to one that is more efficient, includes more renewable energy sources and generates lower carbon emissions.

FR - ruptures technologies et usages de l'énergie

An energy transition depends on a number of factors, such as the geopolitical and economic environment and the outcome of international climate negotiations. But it also relies heavily on technological breakthroughs and new energy uses, backed by changes in consumer behavior.


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Mix energetique - centrale gaz

To meet its energy needs, each country uses the types of energy available to it, in differing proportions. This is what we call the energy mixThe range of energy sources of a region. . While the figures vary significantly from one country to another, fossil fuels dominate the energy mix at the global level, accounting for over 80% of the total.

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fr - mix energetique transition

Most countries in the world have embarked on an “energy transition” – or are thinking about doing so – under the dual influence of the realization that fossil fuels are a limited resource, however long supplies might last, and, more recently, the growing awareness that they are adversely impacting the planet’s climate. But what does an energy transition actually entail?

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