Feature Reports

Coal Producers and Consumers

© AFP PHOTO / Saul LOEB

Despite its high carbon emissions, coal is the second most widely used energy in the world and the number one energy source for power generation. Its reserves are well distributed across the planet and production meets local needs. 

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Global Coal Consumption

After three years of decline, global coalCoal is ranked by its degree of transformation or maturity, increasing in carbon content from... consumption began to rise again, up 1%. Driven by renewed industrial activity, consumption grew in China, Russia, India and Indonesia. However, it fell in Europe, particularly in Germany (where efforts to coal reduce consumption are ongoing) and Poland (where consumption has stabilized since 2014).

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Global Coal Reserves

The United States has the largest coalCoal is ranked by its degree of transformation or maturity, increasing in carbon content from... reserves in the world, followed far behind by Russia, Australia and China. China is undertaking sweeping reforms of its mining sector, closing many small operations in favor of larger, more technically advanced mines. 

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Global Coal Production

After three years of decline, global coalCoal is ranked by its degree of transformation or maturity, increasing in carbon content from... production returned to growth, gaining 3.2% between 2016 and 2017, on the back of higher output in most major coal producing countries (particularly China, the United States and Russia). The trend reflects renewed industrial activity in many countries, with global GDP growing faster than anticipated in 2017 and expected to expand further in 2018.

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