Household, industrial and agricultural waste can be transformed into biogas (essentially methane) by breaking down the organic matter through a process known as methanization. Biogas can be used to produce electricity and heat. Once purified, it can also be injected into the natural gas distribution network. Germany, the United Kingdom and Italy are by far the largest producers of biogas in Europe. In 2013, Italy increased its production by more than 50% from the previous year. France's output rose by more than 10% during the same period, on a par with the European Union as a whole.
Primary Energy Production of Biogas (in Mtoe)
|Total European Union||12,094||13,531||+11.88%|