World energy consumption rose by 2.9% in 2018, the biggest year-on-year increase since 2010. Oil is the most consumed primary energy source worldwide. Coal, which is widely used in Asia, takes second place – but is fast giving way to natural gas. Renewable energies (excluding hydro) have been gaining traction quickly for several years, and can now almost rival nuclear. In Europe, the energy mix is also largely dominated by oil, but is otherwise more diversified, with less coal and more nuclear and renewables. France is less dependent on gas since nuclear accounts for such a significant portion of its mix. North America still has the highest consumption per resident, at 240 gigajoules per capita, followed by Russia, Europe and the Middle East as a whole, at around 150 gigajoules per capita. Next up are South America and Asia (around 60 gigajoules per capita) and Africa (15 gigajoules per capita).