Feature Report: Renewable Energy Producers and Consumers

10 items of content in this feature report

Featured Figures

Global Hydropower Production

Hydropower is produced by damming water. It is generally consumed locally. The leading source of renewable energy in the world, hydropower accounted for more than 16% of global power generation in 2017, making it the third largest source of global power generation behind coal (40%) and gas (19%). Hydropower is also one of the most evenly distributed sources of renewable energy.
China is by far the world’s leading producer, generating more than a quarter of global output. Brazil, Canada and the United States are the other industry heavyweights. Production often varies significantly from one year to the next, depending on climatic conditions. 
In the countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the development potential has largely been realized. In emerging economies, environmental and social issues (such as biodiversity and population displacement) and investment costs impede the launch of major projects.  

Global Hydropower Production (in TWh)

 

Country 2016 2017 Change 2017 over 2016 Share in Global Hydropower Generation
China 1,553.3 1,155.8 0.5% 28.5%
Canada 387.1 396.9 2.8% 9.8%
Brazil 380.9 369.5 -2.7% 9.1%
United States 263.8 296.5 12.7% 7.3%
Russia 184.8 183.3 -0.5% 4.5%
Norway 142.4 141.4 -0.4% 3.5%
India 128.4 135.6 6.0% 3.3%
Japan 80.0 79.2 -0.6% 2.0%
Venezuela 66.3 76.7 16.1% 1.9%
Sweden 62.0 64.7 4.7% 1.6%
Turkey 67.2 58.4 -12.8% 1.4%
Colombia 46.8 57.3 22.9% 1.0%
Vietnam 53.5 54.1 1.3% 1.4%
France 60.0 49.2 -17.8% 1.2%
Austria 39.8 39.1 -1.6% 1.0%
Italy 42.4 36.3 -14.3% 0.9%
Rest of the World 865.9 865.9 0% 21.3%
Total World 4,036.1 4,059.9 0.9% 100.0%

 

Source: BP Statistical Review 2018