Biomass refers to any organic plant or animal matter that can be used to produce energy. Biomass breaks down into liquid, oil and solid, the latest being by far the oldest source of energy used by humankind. Primarily derived from wood in the form of logs, pellets and waste, solid biomass is used today to produce heat and electricity. Consumption of solid biomass rose moderately in Europe as a whole between 2012 and 2013, with a very noticeable increase of 12% in France. Public policy in France set ambitious targets for biomass in both industrial heating and domestic systems, which are expected to equip nine million households in 2020 versus nearly seven million in 2014.
Consumption of Heat from Solid Biomass (in Mtoe)
|France (not including overseas departments)||9.087||10.186||+12.09%|
|Rest of the European Union||13.802||14.516||+ 5.17%|
|Total European Union||70.443||73.152||+3.84%|