Biofuels are derived from plant, animal or waste biomass. The two main biofuels are ethanol fuel, which is blended with gasoline, and biodiesel, which is used as a diesel blend or substitute. Between 2017 and 2018, global biofuel output grew by10%. Over the past 20 years, the production of these renewable fuels increased 100-fold. Demand for ethanol is greater than that for biodiesel. The largest producers are the United States (61 billion liters) and Brazil (33 billion), which are also the biggest consumers. Biodiesel production is spread more evenly across the world: the United States (7 billion liters), Brazil (5.4 billion), the European Union (4.4 billion) and Argentina (2.8 billion). The European Union is the leading consumer of biodiesel. Biofuels are chiefly used as fossil fuel components. In France, roughly 7.5% of the energy contained in gasoline comes from renewable sources.
Biofuel Production in the World (in million metric tons of oil equivalent – Mtoe)
|Country||2017||2018||Share of Global Production|
Source : BP Statistical Review 2019