Feature Reports

Tables Summing Up Energy in Europe

Satellite image of Europe with the countries of the European Union at the centre.
The energy policies of the European Union countries are very disparate and there is still a long way to go towards a "Europe of energy".

The European Union is gradually building a single energy policy by unifying its markets, developing its electrical interconnections, establishing common standards and setting targets to limit global warming. However, the energy system still varies considerably among the 28 member states (including the United Kingdom). Here are a few simple tables, drawing examples from six countries, to demonstrate the challenges the bloc faces.

Image du siège de l’Union européenne à Bruxelles, derrière une rangée de drapeaux de l’Europe.

After the face-off between the United States and the Soviet Union, two world superpowers emerged: the United States and China. The European Union is the third powerIn physics, power is the amount of energy supplied by a system per unit time. In simpler terms, power can be viewed as energy output... cluster, while Africa is often termed the “continent of the future”. The following two tables present energy consumption and CO2See Carbon Dioxid  emissions in each of these key regions.

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Image d’un consommateur européen calculant ses factures énergétiques alourdies par les importations.

A country’s energy dependence rate is the proportion of energy it imports divided by its total consumption. Expressed as a percentage, it reflects how much an economy depends on other countries to meet its energy needs. This article reviews the situation of the European Union.

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Image d’éoliennes sur la crête d’une falaise, signe de l’essor des énergies renouvelables en Europe.

The amount of renewable energyEnergy sources that are naturally replenished so quickly that they can be considered inexhaustible on a human time scale... produced in Europe tripled between 1990 and 2016, but the goals set by the European Union for 2020 have still not been reached. Here are a few tables illustrating the situation.

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Photo-montage symbolisant les émissions de dioxyde de carbone dans l’atmosphère

The European Union has announced its intention to position itself at the cutting edge of the international effort to combat climate change, particularly by setting measurable targets for CO₂ emissions. The aim is to reach “carbon neutrality” (net zero emissions) by 2050. However, commitment varies among the 28 countries.

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