Summary COP 21: The Paris Agreement
Eighteen years after the Kyoto summit, which resulted in the first climate agreement, the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP 21) held in Paris in December 2015 achieved a compromise that brought all of the world's nations together for the first time in history. Under the Paris Agreement, the international community pledges to hold the increase in global average temperatures to "well below" 2°C by the end of the century, while recognizing that not all countries will move at the same pace, depending on their level of development. The agreement also recognizes the need for the industrialized countries of the North to provide financial assistance and technology to the developing countries of the South. For the Paris Agreement to become truly historic, much will depend on the actions of national governments, as well as of cities, regions, businesses and individual citizens.