Feature Reports

COP 21: The Paris Agreement

COP21 : l’accord de Paris
The Earth is impressive seen from space, but fragile too, if its temperature rises too high. © THINKSTOCK

Eighteen years after the Kyoto summit, which resulted in the first climate agreement, the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP 21) held in Paris in December 2015 achieved a compromise that brought all of the world's nations together for the first time in history. Under the Paris Agreement, the international community pledges to hold the increase in global average temperatures to "well below" 2°C by the end of the century, while recognizing that not all countries will move at the same pace, depending on their level of development. The agreement also recognizes the need for the industrialized countries of the North to provide financial assistance and technology to the developing countries of the South. For the Paris Agreement to become truly historic, much will depend on the actions of national governments, as well as of cities, regions, businesses and individual citizens. 

COP21 : le premier accord universel sur le climat

The accord reached in Paris at the 21st session of the annual Conference of the Parties (COP 21) is the first universal climate production sharing contract (or agreement)Oil contract under which the oil that is produced is shared between the state and the oil company... and the result of a compromise between the different countries of the world. The Paris Agreement establishes broad ambitious goals and provides a framework of action, but leaves unresolved the issue of climate finance. If the process to combat climate change gains momentum in the coming decade, the accord will go down in history as the turning point of a new era.

Read more
Accord de Paris : un résumé en quelques points

The Paris AgreementOil contract under which the oil that is produced is shared between the state and the oil company... is a 17-page document covering the period after 2020. It is appended to a decision by the Conference of the Parties (COP) that addresses the period from 2015 to 20201. Once ratified or approved, the Paris Agreement will be legally binding. A summary is provided below.

Read more
COP 21 : le financement de la transition dans les pays en développement

The Paris AgreementOil contract under which the oil that is produced is shared between the state and the oil company... brought together all the countries in the world in a collective commitment to combat climate change, while maintaining the principle of differentiated responsibility between industrialized and emerging economies. As part of the agreement, developed countries have agreed to mobilize climate financing for the poorest countries and to build upon these contributions on a regular basis.

Read more
Les contributions nationales des États

Nationally determined contributions are a new tool in the fight against global warmingGlobal warming, also called planetary warming or climate change... . Governments are encouraged to update their objectives every five years and to make them increasingly ambitious. The world's countries played along in the lead-up to the COP 21 climate talks, but it remains to be seen if they will pursue their efforts.

Read more
COP21 : l’engagement des nouveaux acteurs

By sending a powerful signal to cities, regions, businesses and ordinary citizens to continue their efforts to curb greenhouse gas (ghg) Gas with physical properties that cause the Earth's atmosphere to warm up. There are a number of naturally occurring greenhouse gases... (GHG) emissions and mitigate global warmingGlobal warming, also called planetary warming or climate change... , the Paris AgreementOil contract under which the oil that is produced is shared between the state and the oil company... has formalized a movement that took root a few years ago and which is set to play an important role alongside national governments.

Read more