Climate, Land, Oceans: The IPCC Special Reports
Between October 2018 and September 2019, IPCC scientists from around the world published three comprehensive reports with summaries for the general public: The first deals with the consequences of global warming of 1.5°C before 2100, the second with global warming’s effect on land and the third with its impact on the oceans and cryosphere.
What Is the IPCC’s Role?
Set up in 1988 by the United Nations, the IPCC brings together hundreds of scientists from around the world to collect and assess the latest globally available research on climate change. The experts review and assess tens of thousands of academic papers. The IPCC does not prescribe solutions, as that is the responsibility of governments, but provides resources to help policymakers make informed decisions.
The IPCC has published five major assessment reports since 1990. In addition, the organization produces methodology reports and special reports on specific issues. It was invited to prepare three special reports by COP21 in Paris following the adoption of the first universal climate agreement in December 2015.