Feature Reports

Climate, Land, Oceans: The IPCC Special Reports

Climat, terres émergées, océans : les rapports spéciaux du GIEC
The IPCC has presented since 2018 three special reports (which have had a great impact) to assess the impacts of global warming. Here is the presentation in September 2019 in Monaco of the oceans report. ©YANN COATSALIOU / AFP

Between October 2018 and September 2019, IPCC scientists from around the world published three comprehensive reports with summaries for the general public: The first deals with the consequences of global warming of 1.5°C before 2100, the second with global warming’s effect on land and the third with its impact on the oceans and cryosphere. 

What Is the IPCC’s Role?

Set up in 1988 by the United Nations, the IPCC brings together hundreds of scientists from around the world to collect and assess the latest globally available research on climate change. The experts review and assess tens of thousands of academic papers. The IPCC does not prescribe solutions, as that is the responsibility of governments, but provides resources to help policymakers make informed decisions.

IPCC Reports

The IPCC has published five major assessment reports since 1990. In addition, the organization produces methodology reports and special reports on specific issues. It was invited to prepare three special reports by COP21 in Paris following the adoption of the first universal climate agreement in December 2015.     

Climat : le rapport du GIEC sur le scénario +1,5 °C.jpg

The Paris Climate AgreementOil contract under which the oil that is produced is shared between the state and the oil company... , signed at COP21 in December 2015, called for the increase in the planet’s average temperature to be contained “well below 2°C” by 2100 and even for efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. Experts from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)Body established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988... were tasked by COP21 with analyzing the possible consequences of the 1.5°C scenario, publishing their report in October 2018. Read on for some of the key findings1.

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Le rapport du GIEC sur l’océan et la cryosphère

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Le rapport du GIEC sur les terres émergées de la planète

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeBody established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988... ’s second special report1 was prepared by 107 scientists from 52 countries. It was the first time a majority (53%) of the authors of an IPCC report came from developing countries. Women accounted for 40% of the lead authors.

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