Feature Reports

Climate: The Challenges of Applying the Paris Agreement

Official image of the representatives of the signatory countries of the Paris Agreement.
Following its adoption in December 2015 (shown here), the Paris Agreement began a lengthy implementation process that will extend beyond COP 22 in Marrakesh. ©AFP

The universal Paris Climate Agreement was signed in Paris in December 2015 and confirmed at subsequent “Conferences of the Parties”, COP22 and COP23. However, its application faces two challenges. First, it does not go far enough in reducing greenhouse gas emissions to have a chance of keeping average global temperatures from rising more than 2°C. Second, the Paris Agreement will have to overcome uncertainties now that U.S. President Donald Trump has announced his country’s withdrawal.

COP23

After the Paris AgreementOil contract under which the oil that is produced is shared between the state and the oil company..., adopted at the COP21 Climate Change Conference, two more “Conferences of the Parties” were held: COP22, in November 2016 in Marrakech, Morocco, and COP23 in November 2017 in Bonn, Germany. They confirmed all the main points of the Paris Agreement, but postponed several new and indispensable decisions to COP24 in 2018, which will be held in Poland.

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One Planet Summit

The world’s nations have a major responsibility in the fight against global warmingGlobal warming, also called planetary warming or climate change..., as the Paris AgreementOil contract under which the oil that is produced is shared between the state and the oil company... commits them to setting their own greenhouse gas (ghg) Gas with physical properties that cause the Earth's atmosphere to warm up. There are a number of naturally occurring greenhouse gases... (GHG) emissions reduction targets. National climate action plans will have to be significantly improved if global warming is to be limited to 2°C – or preferably 1.5°C – by 2100. However, U.S. President Donald Trump’s announcement in June 2017 of the United States’ withdrawal has cast great uncertainty over the future of this process. 

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Les acteurs non étatiques

Cities, regions, major companies and NGOs are all stepping up their initiatives at the global level to implement the Paris AgreementOil contract under which the oil that is produced is shared between the state and the oil company... signed at COP21 in December 2015. This growing contribution from representatives of civil society has been recognized by both States and the United Nations as a key factor to the success of any action to fight climate change.

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