Feature Report: Nuclear Energy Producers and Consumers

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Nuclear Power Generation

Nuclear energy requires significant technological capabilities and investment. Producing regions see this energy source as a way of meeting their growing needs while reducing carbon emissions. It is currently limited to highly industrialized countries: those in Western Europe and North America, and Russia, Ukraine and China.

In 2012, 80% of nuclear-generated power was produced in OECD countries. Its expansion is conditional on how well it is accepted. In the wake of the Fukushima accident in March 2011, nuclear power saw an unprecedented drop of almost 7% in 2012. Until the accident, Japan had been the world's third-largest producer of nuclear power; afterwards, output plummeted 89% in 2012, to 17 TWh, and then to 13.9 TWh in 2013. Some European countries have decided to phase out nuclear power. Germany, for instance, shut down eight reactors in 2011. Despite these developments, other countries have maintained their nuclear programs, including the United Kingdom, China, India and Russia. The latter three are experiencing growing energy demand and are seeking to diversify their energy supply.  All in all, the future of nuclear power is highly uncertain. 

Nuclear Power Generation (in TWh)

 
Country 2012 2013 Change Share of Nuclear Power in Domestic Electricity Generation
United States 771 790.2 2.5% 19.4%
France 407 405.9 -0.3% 73.3%
Russia 166 161.8 -2.5% 17.5%
South Korea 144 132.5 -8.0% 27.6%
Germany 94 92.1 -2.0% 15.4%
China 93 104.8 12.7% 2.1%
Canada 89 94.3 6.0% 16.0%
Ukraine 85 78.2 -8.0% 43.6%
United Kingdom 64 64.1 0.2% 18.3%
Sweden 62 63.7 2.7% 42.7%
Spain 59 54.3 -8.0% 19.7%
Belgium 39 40.6 4.1% 52.0%
India 30 30 0.0% 3.4%
Czech Republic 29 29 0.0% 35.9%
Switzerland 24 25 4.2% 36.4%
Finland 22 22.7 3.2% 33.3%
Japan 17 13.9 -18.2% 1.7%
Total World 2,195 2,359 7.5% N/A

 

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