Feature Report: Renewable Energy Producers and Consumers

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Hydropower Consumption

Hydropower is produced by damming water. It is generally consumed locally. It is the leading source of renewable energy in the world, accounting for 19% of global power generation in 2013. It is also one of the most evenly distributed sources of renewable energy.  Ocean energy is an underused source of energy, which is set to grow in the coming years as research and development leads to advances.  Worldwide, hydropower accounted for 80% of renewable electricity production and 16% of total electricity generation in 2012. Hydroelectricity consumption increased by 4.8% in 2013, led by China, which became the leading producer of hydroelectricity in 2005. It has since consolidated its position by commissioning the world’s largest dam, Three Gorges on the Yangtze River.

The second-largest consumer of hydropower is Brazil, which used 415 TWh in 2013. In Brazil, as in other emerging economies, environmental and social issues such as biodiversity and the displacement of communities may impede the launch of new megaprojects.

In OECD countries, which consume 37.3% of global hydropower the development potential has largely been realized. 

Hydropower Consumption (in TWh)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Country 2012 2013 Change Share in Global Hydropower Generation
China 872.1 911.6 4.8% 24.1%
Brazil 415.3 385.4 -7.0% 10.2%
Canada 380.2 391.6 3.3% 10.4%
United States 279.0 271.9 -2.3% 7.2%
Russia 164.9 181.2 10.2% 4.8%
Norway 142.9 129.0 -9.5% 3.4%
India 115.7 131.9 14.3% 3.5%
Venezuela 81.7 83.8 2.8% 2.2%
Japan 81.0 82.2 1.8% 2.2%
Sweden 78.8 61.4 -21.8% 1.6%
France 57.8 68.4 18.6% 1.8%
Turkey 57.9 59.3 2.7% 1.6%
Vietnam 52.8 54.1 2.7% 1.4%
Colombia 47.6 44.4 -6.6% 1.2%
Italy 41.9 51.5 23.3% 1.4%
Austria 43.7 37.1 -14.9% 1.0%
Rest of the World 770.9 837.5 8.6% 22.1%
Total World 3,684.1 3,782.0 2.9% 100.0%

 

 

 

Sources :

 

IEA
BP Statistical Review of World Energy