Feature Report: Natural Gas Producers and Consumers

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Global Gas Consumption

The United States is still by far the leading consumer of natural gas, consuming more than Russia, Iran and China – the world's second, third and fourth largest gas consumers – combined. Consumption of gas, like oil, has fallen sharply in Russia due to the country's economic crisis. In Ukraine, where gas consumption had already declined by more than 15% between 2013 and 2014, consumption slowed further by more than 20%. Due to its continuing conflict with Russia over the question of tariffs, Ukraine stopped sourcing its gas directly from Russia at the end of 2015, depending on deliveries from Europe instead. However, it is expected to start buying gas from Russia again in 2016. Consumption in European countries has returned to normal levels after a very sharp decline in 2014 due to exceptionally mild weather conditions.

Global Gas Consumption (in Mtoe)

 
Country 2014 2015 Change 2015 over 2014 Share of Global Consumption
United States 756.0 778.0 3.0% 22.8%
Russia 411.9 391.5 -5.0% 11.2%
Iran 180.0 191.2 6.2% 5.5%
China 188.4 197.3 4.7% 5.7%
Japan 118.0 113.4 -3.9% 3.3%
Saudi Arabia 102.4 106.4 4.0% 3.1%
Canada 104.2 102.5 -1.7% 2.9%
Mexico 86.8 83.2 -4.2% 2.4%
United Kingdom 66.7 68.3 2.4% 2.0%
Germany 71.1 74.6 5.0% 2.1%
Italy 56.3 61.4 9.1% 1.8%
United Arab Emirates 66.3 69.1 4.3% 2.0%
India 50.6 50.6 -0.1% 1.5%
Egypt 48.0 47.8 -0.4% 1.4%
Ukraine 36.8 28.8 -21.8% 0.8%
France 36.2 39.1 7.8% 1.1%
Rest of the World 1,030.5 1,065.4 3.5% 30.4%
Total 3,410.2 3,468.6 1.7% 100.0%

 

Source : BP Statistical Review 2016