Feature Report: Coal Producers and Consumers

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Coal Consumption

Growth in global coal consumption has come to a stop following a three-year slowdown. Between 2014 and 2015, consumption declined significantly by almost 2%. This turning-point is mainly due to changes in China, where half of the world's coal is consumed. Consumption in the United States, where gas replaced coal as the principal source of electricity generation in 2016, fell by nearly 13%. As a result, India, which continues to rely on the large quantities of coal it produces, overtook the United States as the second largest coal consumer in the world. In Europe, consumption in Poland increased slightly, demonstrating the difficulties the country is facing in ushering in its energy transition, despite European Union support. 

Coal Consumption (in Mtoe)

Country 2014 2015 Change 2015 over 2024 Share of Global Coal Consumption
China 1,949.3 1,920.4 -1.5% 50.0%
United States 453.8 396.3 -12.7% 10.3%
India 388.7 407.2 4.8% 10.6%
Japan 118.7 119.4 0.6% 3.1%
South Africa 90.1 85.0 -5.6% 2.2%
Russia 87.6 88.7 1.3% 2.3%
South Korea 84.6 84.5 -0.2% 2.2%
Germany 78.8 78.3 -0.6% 2.0%
Poland 49.4 49.8 0.7% 1.3%
Indonesia 69.8 80.3 15.0% 2.1%
Australia 44.7 46.6 4.3% 1.2%
Ukraine 35.6 29.2 -18.0% 0.8%
Taiwan 39.0 37.8 -3.1% 1.0%
Rest of the World 421.1 416.4 -1.9% 11.0%
Total World 3,9211.2 3,839.3 -1.8% 100.0%

 

Source : BP Statistical Review 2016